If the strawberry bed is a solid mat of plants, renovate the planting by creating 8 inch-wide plant strips with a rototiller or hoe. Renovation stimulates renewed growth and eliminates weak plants which compete for fertilizer, moisture and light. Plant. Click on this article to find out how and when to rejuvenate a strawberry plant. After the first harvest in the second season strawberries should be fertilized after renovation in July. If renovation is delayed by more than a few weeks after harvest, mowing is no longer advised. If a foliar test was done last season or earlier in the season, that will help in determining the rate and nutrient concentrations of fertilizer to use. Let’s look at each step in more detail: 1. Do not renovate in the planting year. Healthy plants should be mowed just above crown height. Apply at renovation, immediately after last harvest. These 8-inch-wide strips should be about 3 to 4 feet apart. The combination of the above-ground stem and any attached daughter plants is called a “runner.” Daughter Click on this article to find out how and when to rejuvenate a strawberry plant. Strawberry renovation is an important practice many folks neglect. Basically, the practice aims to eliminate the competition between dense plantings and to maintain the strawberry patch for successive years of production. After the last picking, apply at least 50 lb/acre (56 kg/ha) of each macronutrient (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium). Those beautiful, tall plants need to be mowed off to about 2 inches, the field fertilized, the rows narrowed and residual herbicides applied. Be sure that strawberry plants are dormant (i.e., no new growth and reddened leaves) to avoid injury. Many strawberry cultivars spread by producing above-ground stems called stolons and new plants called daughters. © Regents of the University of Minnesota. Once you have a strawberry bed going, you need to renovate and renew it every year, to maintain healthy yields. Split applications of N are beneficial, particularly on sandier soils. If the strawberry towers or gutters/pipes can be moved into the garage or other similar shelter, they will often do better than if left suspended above the ground and exposed to all the harshest weather winter can throw at them. Fungicide sprays may be necessary to protect plants after summer renovation if powdery mildew has been identified in the patch before renovation. strawberries for these fields as the likelihood of them producing economically substantial strawberry crops in the immediate future is slim. Water the fertilizer in to get it down to the root zone. This application is made to keep the plants in a vigorous condition and to promote new growth causing the development of more fruit buds. One important task is to renovate June-bearing strawberries immediately after the last harvest. Strawberries are so versatile – they just need sun, shelter, and fertile, well-drained soil. Each plant may produce up to one quart of fruit when grown in a matted row during the first fruiting year. Fertilizers and herbicides are applied and the fields are irrigated to develop a strong stand for next year’s crop. First, it can expose plant crowns to drying air, freezing air temperatures and hungry critters looking for a winter meal. The renovation process extends the productive life of a field of "matted row" spring strawberry production for two to four years. In renovating matted-row strawberries, the fields are mowed and the rows narrowed. The creation of new plantings and strawberry patches is key to maintaining a consistent strawberry harvest, as older plants are more likely to show signs of severe infection. Renovation of Strawberry Plantings Strawberry plantings can produce for several years, but yields decrease with each year of harvest. Additionally, the traditional methods used during the renovation of strawberry plants are not organic. https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/it-is-renovation-time-in-perennial-strawberry. Not sure how to renovate strawberry plants? If you farm in a drought stressed area of the state and have not been irrigating regularly, either consider skipping the mowing, or irrigate a couple of times prior to mowing to reduce stress on the plants. June-bearer and Everbearer beds should be renewed. If using herbicides, a pre-emergent herbicide after tilling will help suppress weed emergence in the late summer and early fall. Renovate strawberry beds every year after harvest. The rows should be narrowed to 12-18 inches. A balanced N-P-K fertilizer such as a 20-20-20 can be used, but be cautious not to over apply P and K if the soil is already high in these nutrients; this emphasizes the importance of regular foliar testing. Winterizing strawberry plants helps prevent heaving. More information on propagating your own plants from runners. If the plants are drought stressed or have root diseases, mowing may further damage them because the stressed plants have reduced ability to produce new leaves. Wait 3 to 5 days before mowing. There are three types of strawberry plant: June-Bearing varieties that form buds in the fall, bloom in spring, and produce one large harvest, typically in June. What is renovation of strawberries? Tilling or cultivating between the rows serves to narrow the rows, incorporate fertilizer, incorporate straw, and remove small weeds between the rows. Strawberries are well suited for planting in the home garden since they produce fruits very quickly and require a relatively small amount of space. In the absence of a foliar test, consider the most recent soil test as well as soil type. The plants need water at this point to re-establish leaves, access the fertilizer that was applied, and to activate herbicides. Depending on the size of the plants, space them 6-10 inches (15 - 25 cm) apart. Strawberry plants can produce well for up to four years before the plants need replacement. Simply put, strawberry renovation is the removal of a large number of old berry plants in an established planting to allow the more heavily fruiting secondary or daughter plants to take over. Step 2: Mowing For organic or non-chemical strawberry growers, mowing is the first step in renovation. When making new plantings, always ensure that good planting practices are implemented. Either results in plant damage or death. The best time to renovate is after the strawberries have stopped producing. Strawberries are Vigorous Plants As the strawberries increase you want to keep the beds from becoming overcrowded (which would reduce yield and could … They are semi-dormant after the harvest. If you're not sure of the best place in your garden, read our 'how to grow strawberries' guide for the best advice. How to Renovate. Strawberry plant showing the crown, or base; leaves; and inflorescences bearing fruit. Expect strawberry plants to crop successfully for four years before replacing them. Emphasize irrigation after renovation particularly if conditions have been dry and the near-term forecast does not call for much rain. After all the berries have been harvested, mow or clip the plants and remove the clippings from the strawberry bed. Day Neutral strawberries should simply be replaced after three years. Just a few rows of plants will fill your fruit bowl and freezer, even after you subtract the samples you sneak while picking them (better yet, smother a few in melted chocolate if your sweet tooth is calling). Wont I loose my runners that way? You may limit fertilizer application to just nitrogen at this time, and hold off on applying P and K until a foliar test is done. (unless otherwise noted) Plant roots straight down - read our planting guide (sent with your plant order) for depth guidelines. Fertilize. Weed control is an important factor in renovation. More fruit is produced along the sides of the rows compared to the centers, so narrower rows are more productive. Do I really have to mow my plant down after harvest? Biting into sun-sweetened strawberries, still warm from the garden, is one of the best summer treats you can enjoy. Here is the complete information on strawberry farming in India, plantation, plant protection and marketing. The four steps to prepare strawberries for winter are: renovate, fertilize, water, and apply mulch. Rotate your strawbery patch onto fresh ground to minimise the risk of disease build up in the soil. Plants produce best when young, which is why you thin out the older ones. A post-emergent herbicide labeled for safe use on post-renovation strawberries may be added to the tank mix if emerged weeds have persisted after the last herbicide application. Diseases, weeds and weak plants limit the life span of a single planting, so do not expect a bed to maintain its quality for more than three fruiting seasons. Strawberry plants tend to enter a stage of low activity toward the end of harvest. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. STRAWBERRY FAQ, 10 traditional steps used in strawberry renovating, specialized equipment that is required for plasticulture. June–bearing strawberry plants require renovation. Strawberry Plants Grow versatile strawberry plants in a variety of locations. Two to four years for day neutral and everbearing. Notes on Renovating Strawberries. June-bearing strawberries are most productive when grown in 2-foot-wide matted rows. When planting strawberry plants, get the planting depth just right - strawberry crown should be above the soil, and roots below. May also be used in late fall after strawberries are dormant for control of certain winter annual, biennial, and perennial weeds. With that said, here are the 10 traditional steps used in strawberry renovating: The best way to keep a strawberry bed going is to renovate it by thinning the existing plants and allowing runners to root and become new plants. Soil and foliar nutrient testing are a central part of fruit production. We just planted them this year and got about 5 berries I am afraid of killing the plants. After mowing, broadcast apply 25-60 lbs/acre of nitrogen, or an N-P-K fertilizer if phosphorus and potassium are also needed. Following renovation, rake and remove old leaves. crowns; and runners (Figures 1 and 2). How often should you renovate? They're perfectly suited to pots and containers as well as in the ground. Inspect all plants for symptoms of disease. For June-bearing varieties, once a year. If the strawberries are above the weeds, mow and then spray." Strawberry renovation is an important practice many folks neglect. All rights reserved. So, this guide to renovating strawberry plants will most likely be of benefit to home gardeners or small-scale strawberry growers. Runners will form and the new plants will create a 2-foot-wide matted row by the end of the summer. Do not delay renovation. Renovation. This recent article from Michigan State University gives greater detail about herbicide options for renovation, including product names: Additionally, refer to the Midwest Fruit Pest Management Guide for a list of herbicides labeled for strawberries during renovation. Fungicides. Overwintering strawberry towers or winterizing strawberry plants planted in gutters or pipe systems is more difficult. For growers using herbicides, mowing should occur 3-5 days after post-emergence herbicide application. Effective strawberry renovation ensures a healthy productive field in the fall. With a little yearly maintenance, you can keep them bearing well longer. The renovation process involves leaf removal, creation of 8-inch-wide plant strips, and fertilization. Plantings in the first fruiting year or older are typically top-dressed at renovation with 70 lb. Although strawberry plants are considered perennial, they are most productive in their first one to five years. Renovating the bed each year in late summer helps keep the plants … Renovate Your Plants. Second, heaving can break roots, allowing them to be lifted completely out of soil. If you have not taken a foliar test this year, or a soil test in the last 5 years, prioritize these activities in the weeks following renovation once mature leaves are present and before plant senescence. The herbicide recommended for application to strawberry plants during renovation is 2,4-D, which can cause drastic injuries to numerous garden plants and is known for drifting through the air to surrounding vegetation. University of Massachusetts Extension. Plant only healthy symptom free plants. Quick tips for for healthy strawberry plants--Maintain pH between 6.5 and 6.8 Plant 12-18" in a row with 3-4' between rows. Not sure how to renovate strawberry plants? Strawberry is a very perishable fruit and that’s why farmers should take utmost care of their strawberry plants. actual N/A at renovation in the form of ammonium nitrate, urea, or calcium nitrate. A June-bearing strawberry planting can be productive for several years if the bed is given good care. Strawberries are very popular as ice-creams, cakes, milkshakes and other such desserts worldwide. , apply at least 50 lb/acre ( 56 kg/ha ) of each macronutrient ( nitrogen, phosphorus and are! Once you have a strawberry bed 25-60 lbs/acre of nitrogen, or base ; leaves ; and inflorescences bearing.... Home garden since they produce fruits very quickly and require a relatively small amount of.! 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