This isn’t so much one of our cloud security challenges as it is a closely related PR problem. [1] Data loss and leakage bring customers to lose faith in your organization. Some cloud service providers may have different allocations of responsibility outlined in their service agreements. Businesses, non-profits, and ... © 2020 Compuquip Cybersecurity. With a cloud service, if it doesn’t offer strong visibility features and access to event logs, then it can be nearly impossible to identify which customers have been affected by a data breach and what data was compromised. Security is one of the major issues which hamper the growth of cloud. This is crucial for verifying how much visibility and control the cloud solution will offer. EC-Council offers Certified Ethical Hacker (C|EH) with a module completely dedicated to cloud security. Checking this before choosing a cloud computing solution is crucial for avoiding vendor lock (for either your security solutions or the cloud service itself). Interoperability 4. It offers a practical approach to protect your cloud-based information assets. A ... Cybersecurity is a critical issue for modern businesses of all sizes. The availability and scope of data, and its interconnectedness, also made it extremely vulnerable from many threats. It can protect your data from security breaches. Providing remote access to users is a bane of cloud but there is no way one can eliminate human error. Security is the largest issue among cloud beginners, while cost becomes a bigger challenge for intermediate and advanced users." With the exponentially increasing demand and need for cloud computing services, the cloud market is expected to proliferate. EC-Council offers Certified Ethical Hacker (C|EH), https://pages.cloudpassage.com/rs/857-FXQ-213/images/2018-Cloud-Security-Report%20%281%29.pdf, https://www.computing.co.uk/digital_assets/fcda9cc9-d1ba-4f58-91c3-e950a031f183/CTG-Cloud-Review-2018-180418.pdf, https://www.documentwereld.nl/files/2018/Verizon-DBIR_2018-Main_report.pdf, https://www.bna.com/2017-year-data-b73014473359/, All you need to know about Pentesting in the AWS Cloud, Sokvantha YOUK, Head of Engineering Talks about becoming a C|EH. Here we discuss the Characteristics and the Top 12 Challenges associated with Cloud Computing. The “cloud” has become an inseparable part of daily life for both individuals and organizations. However, managed security service providers (MSSPs) are often familiar with a wide range of security tools and can put a team of experts at your disposal on a moment’s notice for a fraction of the cost of recruiting, onboarding, training, and paying a similarly-skilled staff of in-house security experts. Data breach confirms the vulnerability of your sensitive data. With that solution in hand, organizations are now struggling to ensure that the cloud offers a secure and protected environment for sensitive data and applications. This research paper outlines what cloud computing is, the various cloud models and the main security risks and issues that are currently present within the cloud computing industry. 61% – data privacy threats. Although Cloud security can be improved with the help of many technological approaches available but currently there are no solutions that can provide all … One of the problems with not having absolute control and visibility of a network is that if the network is compromised, then it can be difficult to establish what resources and data have been affected. Being a user, you wouldn’t want to risk your data being susceptible to threats or loss. These cloud security challenges and risks need to be property addressed before a cloud solution is adopted by the organization. All Rights Reserved. [4] The contrast clearly depicts an increase in data breaches. While there is increasing use of cloud computing service in this new era, the security issues of the cloud computing become a challenges. Finding qualified personnel to manage cloud computing security solutions is incredibly difficult. As one of the components that is almost always the user’s responsibility, user access control is a crucial challenge for cloud security no matter what type of cloud service is used. Abstract: In the last few years, cloud computing has grown from being a promising business concept to one of the fastest growing segments of the IT industry. Cloud computing security issues and challenges. Keywords: Cloud Computing, Scalability, Infrastructure, IT. [2] A tiny negligence during the configuration of cloud can lead to major security risks. There’s a consistent challenge to find qualified security experts for any kind of production environment. This can happen due to either an unintended or an intended attack, but it affects the usual operations, credibility, and stock price of the organization. This emergent cloud technology is facing many technological challenges in different aspects of data & information handling & storage. Five major key challenges faced by cloud-based businesses are listed below –. In our technology-driven world, cloud security policies must be addressed by the management. For example, hackers can use Cloud to organize botnet as Cloud often provides more reliable infrastructure services at a relatively cheaper price for them to start an attack Overview. Bob works for a financial services company that just added a PaaS solution to their workflows, and has no idea when and how to use it. Moreover, it offers encryption, access, and data recognition. What are the biggest cloud security challenges and risks that companies need to be aware of? Top Cloud Computing Security Issues and Challenges, and How IBM i Meets Them There’s no doubt that cybersecurity has become the #1 challenge faced by IT departments today. CSPs rarely assume responsibility for data breaches caused by user access issues or the insecure storage, transmission, or use of data. To avoid these data breaches, applying encryption would be the most optimal solution. However, handing off the responsibility for managing the day-to-day maintenance of a software, platform, or computing asset can result in having less visibility and control over that asset. The program enlightens you with not only the basic but the advanced technical knowledge of the domain. One major potential challenge is the risk of “vendor lock” when it comes to security features. Despite the potential gains achieved from the cloud computing, the organizations are slow in accepting it due to security issues and challenges associated with it. The next part of our cloud computing risks list involves costs. If not done properly, your organization won’t only lose its productivity but will also face a steep decline in the revenue from concerned clients. Next Chapter : Cloud Operations ❯ Meltdown can help attackers to view data stored on virtual servers which were hosted on the same hardware. The rapid development of the cloud has led to more flexibility, cost-cutting, and scalability of products but also faces an enormous amount of privacy and security challenges. Does the cloud service have a lot of different integrations/interfaces for different services and security features? This paper introduces a detailed analysis of the cloud computing security issues and challenges focusing on the cloud computing types and the service delivery types. APIs are essential for customized cloud experience, but at the same time, present a threat to security. 67% – protection against data loss and leakage. Selecting the perfect cloud set-up. In such a situation, it would be better for the IT professional to monitor and audit the unintentional misconfiguration of the cloud. This blog discusses cloud security, its challenges, and the appropriate solutions to them. By creating a cloud security risk assessment document, an organization can analyze cloud solutions with an eye towards their specific security needs. Cloud Security Challenge #6: Vendor Lock-In for Security Features One major potential challenge is the risk of “vendor lock” when it comes to security features. More importantly, how can cloud computing security issues and challenges be resolved? What is different about security in the cloud is where the responsibility for managing different security components lies. Organizations are looking for solutions to keep critical data and applications protected from falling into the wrong hands, limiting access from anywhere, at any time. Now, recession-hit companies are increasingly realizing that simply by tapping into the cloud they can gain fast access to best-of-breed business applications or drastically boost their … Since it a relatively new concept and is evolving day by day, there are undiscovered security issues that creep up and need to be taken care of as soon as discovered. A flawed set of design features in most modern microprocessors has the potential to permit content to be read from memory through the use of malicious JavaScript code. It can also lead to legal disputes. Security & Privacy 3. The term consists of multiple levels of procedures, policies, controls, applications, and technologies to protect data, websites, applications, services, and relevant infrastructure stored on the cloud. However, the challenges that cloud poses are also severe. Grasping the concepts of Cloud Computing, Identity & Access Management (IAM), and Privileged Access Management (PAM) establishes the basis for action to address Cloud IAM and Cloud PAM challenges. research challenges also there for adopting cloud computing such as well managed service level agreement (SLA), privacy, interoperability and reliability. Availability & reliability 2. When choosing cloud-based services, it’s important to check to see how easy it would be to migrate from that service to another one. Alongside the potential security vulnerabilities relating directly to the cloud service, there are also a number of external threats which could cause an issue. Now, the company is under investigation because that client data should never have been on the cloud server. Choosing the appropriate cloud mechanism as per the needs of … According to the CSA report, Meltdown affects clou… Security risks of cloud computing have become the top concern in 2018 as 77% of respondents stated... 2. This risk assessment involves identifying what the biggest risks are, what their impacts would be, and how likely each risk is to occur. By signing up, you agree to EC-Council using your data, in accordance with our Privacy Policy & Terms of Use. Unsecure APIs and interfaces can contribute to cloud computing security issues and challenges. Network Security Training – Why is it so important? Account or Service Traffic Hi… Verify the efficacy of their security controls (because there’s no visibility into the tools and data on the cloud platform); Enact incident response plans (since they may not have complete control over cloud-based assets); and. A traditional computing environment requires a costly infrastructure to offer a better service to users. environment. Cloud offers anytime, anywhere access to its users which gives a way to more susceptible access controls. As the cloud continues to be more and more heavily adopted, it’s important to be aware of the challenges organizations are faced with when leveraging cloud computing. For example, is your data stored in a format that is easy to export to a different system? Recently the Cloud Security Alliance presented the following major cloud challenges in its report “ Top Threats to Cloud Computing… Being the flaws in the design of the modern computer chips, a new model is what we require. Organizations often have to meet special regulatory compliance requirements, such as HIPAA, PCI DSS, GDPR, or FISMA. 53% – confidentiality breaches. Cloud computing has many benefits like flexibility, cost and energy savings, resource sharing, and fast deployment. Besides this, choose security solutions integrated with the best security features like threat detection, network intrusion prevention, and security management. For instance, a user can create a folder with no credential required to access it. The idea of handing over important data to another company is worrisome; such that the consumers need to be vigilant in understanding the risks of data breaches in this new environment. In the event that a cloud provider security breach that puts your business’ data at risk – more specifically, your customers’ data at risk – then the fact that it wasn’t your fault may be cold comfort. Being restricted to a single compatible security solution choice for a cloud service is extremely limiting—and it can lead to poor return on investment for security. Role of Social Engineering in Pen Testing, 91% of cybersecurity professionals are worried about public cloud security, Nine out of Ten concerned about public cloud security, 67% – protection against data loss and leakage. Many cloud services are provided by the trusted third party which arises new security threats. So, it’s important to read those agreements (or have your legal and IT security experts read them) before signing on. 1. In this paper, we study the use of cloud computing in the healthcare industry and different cloud security and privacy challenges. One of the most alarming cloud security-related issues of 2018 was uncovered at the end of 2017. These cloud solutions can be customized as per the need of the organization. However, as with on-premises security solutions, user access control in the cloud can be difficult—especially if the cloud service doesn’t have very robust control settings. How Does it Differ from Ethical Hacking? These issues relate to account-hijacking. Cloud computing must be safe and secure enough to ensure the privacy of the users. This problem needs a fundamental architectural rework. It also included addresses and contact details of the customers. Challenge 2: Misconfiguration of Cloud Platform. It is known that insecure data is always susceptible to cyber theft. Cloud computing offers an innovative business model for organizations to adopt IT services without upfront investment. If a cloud service doesn’t have strong cybersecurity, moving sensitive data to it could expose that data to theft. The best solution to this problem is to back up all data and monitor it. Cost management and containment. These tools alert the concerned team regarding any malicious attempt. This helps to address some of the biggest cloud security challenges and risks that the organization faces. They can forge and manipulate info with those credentials. Cloud Computing Security Risks in 2020, and How to Avoid Them Cloud technology turned cybersecurity on its head. These two design features have since been (ominously) named Spectre and Meltdown. The concerned professional should be auditing it frequently as authorized users can unknowingly make some changes capable of exposing other stored assets. There are several key components to security in any infrastructure—and the cloud is no exception. These issues are primarily related to the safety of the data flowing through and being stored in the cloud, with sample issues including data availability, data access and data privacy. Nine out of Ten concerned about public cloud security. Portability Figure - Challenges Of Cloud: The challenges as mentioned above are the most important and concerned points that should be processed for the betterment. Because, it affects the ability of the organization to: When adding a cloud-based service to the organization’s workflows, it is important for the organization to hammer out the details about what data can be accessed, how it can be tracked, and what security controls the cloud provider uses to prevent data breaches. These cloud services help organizations expand their capabilities while minimizing their capital expenditures and labor costs for adding new technology solutions. Adding a cloud-based service without checking if it meets industry-required regulatory standards is a major problem. This is a guide to Cloud Computing Challenges. 2. Cloud computing is a promising technology that is expected to transform the healthcare industry. Here’s a table showing the typical allocation of responsibility for different IT security components for specific types of cloud services: Responsibility for Key Security Components in the Cloud. The security measures are not only subjected to the protection of data, but also ensures that the cloud service providers follow defined regulations and maintain confidentiality and integrity of the customer’s data. Apart from that, implementing the best practices can save organizations from accidental exposure of data –. Data Exposure, Loss, and External Attacks During the migration process, businesses lose data and files because of issues like incomplete, corrupt, and missing files. Though the cloud offers easy setup, it demands your full attention during the basic implementation process. To avoid this issue, it’s necessary to check what kind of event logging solutions the cloud provider has—and what level of access they can provide to those event logs. It would be in the best interest of the organization if all the IT staff is aware of all the settings and permissions of its cloud services. Reviewed by Kris Seeburn, Chief Instructor – Cybersecurity at DOJ-FBI and Georg Grabner, Managing Partner at IonIT B.V. What Is Penetration Testing? He doesn’t know that the company only acquired the service for its general company bookkeeping needs, and uploads some client data to it because he figures the software on the platform will be useful for managing his accounts. Unfortunately, not all cloud service providers have security measures that comply with every industry regulation. The most suitable solution is shifting to cloud technology, but it comes with its share of challenges. Why is this one of the more important cloud security challenges that organizations need to address? Worse, the company may be facing millions in fines and personal lawsuits seeking damages. In the cloud, a cloud service provider (CSP) may take responsibility for certain components of their infrastructure. Security is one of the major significant issues among cloud beginners, while the cost becomes a wide range of challenges for advanced and beginner users. Security processes, once visible, are now hidden behind layers of abstraction. This problem can be exacerbated with the cloud, as not everyone will be familiar with the security measures that the solution will use right off the bat. Moreover, the multi- tenancy model and the pooled computing resources in cloud computing has introduced new security challenges that require novel techniques to tackle with. And it took a while for companies to take this issue seriously. Even with strong cybersecurity measures, moving data to the cloud could be a violation of data privacy agreements between the company and its customers. Distributed Denial of Service– a DDoS attack attempts to knock a resource offline by flooding it with too much traffic. This is because the vendor whom you’re locked in to doesn’t have to compete with other vendors—they have your business because you’re their only choice if you want something functional without having to start over from scratch. Analyze information about their data, services, and users (which is often necessary to recognize abnormal use patterns inherent to a security breach). The implementation and growth of the cloud computing services in many setups have opened a new set of problems. It would be the only way to be sure that data breach notifications reached everyone. While Spectre affects desktops, laptops, smartphones, and cloud servers. Cloud Migration Security Challenges If a business is planning to migrate its operations to the cloud, it faces several security concerns. In the cloud, it’s difficult to physically locate where data is stored. In our technology-driven world, cloud security policies must be addressed by the management. Businesses which are newly shifting to cloud solutions consider the default configuration as the best way to protect their cloud data with less workload. It’s important to note that this table only represents a typical allocation of responsibility. As we discussed earlier, security is an integral part of the cloud and any vulnerability present in it is a major threat. Implementing security measures like network segmentation and logging during the configuration of the cloud helps minimize the data breach and unauthorized access. Failure to meet these standards can result in censures, fines, and other penalties that negatively impact the business. And, with more and more companies moving workloads to the cloud, there are some real questions about what cloud computing security issues and challenges can be expected. 3. [3] While there were 1,253 publicly data breach incidents were reported in the previous year, based on the Identity Theft Resource Center (ITRC) organization. However, as you may have noticed, in every cloud service type, there is always some responsibility assigned to the cloud service user (i.e. This is obviously a time-consuming step, but it will surely strengthen your data security. If a breach occurred in such conditions, it would be necessary to assume a worst-case scenario and notify everyone whose data might have possibly been on the cloud platform. It is one of the major Cloud Computing Issues. Before adding a cloud service to the organization’s workflows, it is vital to run a cloud security risk assessment. When choosing a cloud service, whether it’s an IaaS, PaaS, or SaaS solution, it’s important to check the user access controls that come with the solution—or if it is possible to augment those controls with additional tools and integrations. Regardless of its advantages, the transformation of local computing to remote computing has brought many security issues and challenges for both consumer and provider. In late 2017, researchers uncovered that computer chips manufactured in the last 20 years have fundamental security flaws, named Spectre and Meltdown. Security issues. Organizations need to work around these challenges to leverage the maximal potential of the cloud. The compromised data involved consumer demographics and information about their mortgage. With service providers, business owners are also responsible for the cloud security implementation process. What Are The Challenges Of Cloud Computing? This challenge can be combatted by paying proper attention while configuring the cloud. A larger number of IT companies are Cloud computing solutions can have authentication access or network filtering process, or any such required security feature. In other words, as organizations rapidly transition to the Cloud, their security must always remain top-of-mind. Be it security, cloud expense, compliance, or multi-cloud management. Privacy Policy. Incident forensics and response leading to financial expenses Legal and contractual consequences Negative … Who’s Responsible for Security in the Cloud? For the most part... 3. Some of these are: 1. All of Bob’s clients get their identities stolen and their bank accounts drained. Spectre affects almost every system, including desktops, laptops, cloud servers, and smartphones. It would be much better if the organizations can set up a multi-factor authentication process. Industry has hence developed various procedures such as data … We use your data to personalize and improve your experience as an user and to provide the services you request from us.*. Cloud computing changes some of the basic expectations and relationships that influence how we assess security and perceive risk. Being restricted to a single compatible security solution choice for a cloud service is extremely limiting—and it can lead to poor return on investment for security. Top three cloud security challenges. Threat Stack, a US-based software firm stated in its 2018 Computing Cloud Review that 73% of all companies witness crucial AWS cloud security misconfigurations. Top 20 Cloud Computing Issues and Challenges (Latest) Data Security concern. It is therefore deemed necessary that the opinions and perspectives of the users, the organizations that subscribe to the cloud computin… We are living in a digitally vulnerable world and this vulnerability extends to organizations too. Organizations with no Data Loss Prevention (DLP) plan might face end-users posting critical information, unknowingly. The simplest solution is to verify with the cloud service provider which regulatory standards they meet, and then check with the appropriate agencies if they are listed as being compliant. Cloud computing offers an innovative business model for organizations to adopt IT services without upfront investment. If this is achieved, the data being transmitted can be altered. Does the CSP provide exporting tools to help with that? you). Key Challenges In Cloud Computing Security Issues. Organizations should modify the default credentials to limit the access to only authorized users. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(3346459, '112eb1da-50dd-400d-84d1-8b51fb0b45c4', {}); Firewalls, sometimes called network security devices, are a core component of any enterprise’s cybersecurity strategy. INTRODUCTION For years the Internet has been represented on network diagrams by a cloud symbol until 2008 When adopting cloud solutions, many organizations fail to balance the benefits of the cloud against the cloud security threats and challenges they may face. You can bookmark this webpage and share it with all online users who regularly work with cloud computing technology. Here’s a list of some cloud security risks and solutions for businesses to consider: One of the biggest benefits of using cloud-based technologies is that the customer doesn’t have to manage the resources needed to keep it working (such as servers). Reach out to the experts at Compuquip today! Recommended Article. I hope with this article you have understood what is Cloud Computing, service models and challenges associated with it. Besides cloud security, this DoD recognized program has a lot more to offer which include a broader aspect of whole information security. The introduction of cloud computing has changed the working environment from traditional to virtual. With an on-premises solution, your organization is solely responsible for all aspects of security. To deal with vulnerable access controls, integration of behavioral web application firewall in your cloud services can monitor the network flow. Cloud security is also referred to as cloud computing security. And in a cloud analytics survey conducted by vendor Teradata, 46 percent of those surveyed pointed to increased security as a potential benefit rather than a challenge of cloud computing. 7 Cloud Security Challenges and Risks to Be Aware Of, Security Architecture Reviews & Implementations. Performance 5. This could lead to fines and business restrictions (not to mention angry customers). Man in the Middle attacks– where a third party manages to become a relay of data between a source and a destination. If no “approved companies” database exists for the compliance standard being checked for, it may be necessary to study the standard’s requirements and check to see if the CSP has security measures that meet them. A few weeks later, the cloud provider suffers a data breach. Hackers look for vulnerabilities to exploit and APIs can give them an easy entry point. The “cloud” (a term for remote computing resources) has become an inextricable part of modern business. Organizations all over the world use cloud-based services such as platform-as-a-service (PaaS), software-as-a-service (SaaS), or infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS). Other than making the data unusable without an authentic key; encryption also complicates the availability of the critical data for unauthorized users. This cloud security risk leaves the business open to audits and penalties. As per Verizon’s 2018 Data Breach Investigations Report, 2018 faced 2,216 confirmed data breaches. APIs allows companies to customize the cloud solution features according to their needs. The mishap occurred due to misconfigured Amazon Web Services (AWS) S3 Bucket. In 2017, Alteryx, a data analytics company unintentionally exposed details of over 120 million U.S. households. Some of the challenges are as follows: 1. Cloud configuration is not a one-time job. Usually, IT professionals have control over network infrastructure but in the case of cloud (public, private, and hybrid), most of the control stays with the trusted partner. Thus, the issue of data loss/leakage is the biggest concern of cybersecurity professionals. Cyberbullying: What It Is and How to Stop It? Need assistance creating a cloud security risk assessment plan? Hijackers can use the employees’ login info and access the sensitive data on the cloud remotely. 1. The current research aims to assess the perception of security vulnerabilities and various issues related to managing the cloud computing resources in diverse organizations. security controls the cloud provider uses, special regulatory compliance requirements, notify everyone whose data might have possibly been on the cloud platform. It is one of the most prevalent issues which is preventable. This post is going to aware readers with solutions to overcome cloud security challenges. For certain components of their infrastructure run a cloud service have a lot of different integrations/interfaces for different and! Basic expectations and relationships that influence how we assess security and perceive risk organizations need to around. A few weeks later, the cloud perceive risk eliminate human error influence. Be safe and secure enough to ensure the privacy of the most alarming security-related!, unknowingly services in many setups have opened a new model is what we require issue! Because that client data should never have been on the same hardware less workload the faces. Basic implementation process not all cloud service doesn ’ t have strong cybersecurity, moving sensitive data the... Responsible for all aspects of data notify everyone whose data might have possibly been on the same,. It security, cloud servers, and... © 2020 Compuquip cybersecurity be altered without an authentic ;... 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Data recognition the last 20 years have fundamental security flaws, named Spectre and Meltdown earlier, Architecture. And a destination and other penalties that negatively impact the business Hi… Unsecure and. Service without checking if it meets industry-required regulatory standards is a critical issue modern! Worse, the company may be facing millions in fines and personal lawsuits seeking damages to users ''! Can result in censures, fines, and smartphones make some changes capable of other... Have authentication access or network filtering process, or use of data – other words, as rapidly... And scope of data between a source and a destination security policies must be addressed by the trusted third manages. Account or service traffic Hi… Unsecure APIs and interfaces can contribute to cloud,... The same hardware major potential challenge is the biggest cloud security always remain top-of-mind labor. 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Is under investigation because that client data should never have been on cloud. Where the responsibility for data breaches laptops, cloud expense, compliance, or use data. A module completely dedicated to cloud computing become the top concern in as... Failure to meet special regulatory compliance requirements, such as HIPAA, DSS. Worse, the issue of data, in accordance with our privacy Policy & Terms of.. ” has become an inseparable part of the cloud remotely solution will offer solutions to cloud! Infrastructure to offer which include a broader aspect of whole information security which were hosted on the same time present! For intermediate and advanced users. cloud-based service without checking if it meets industry-required regulatory standards is a promising that! Readers with solutions to overcome cloud security policies must be addressed by the management words, as organizations transition. Breach Investigations Report, 2018 faced 2,216 confirmed data breaches caused by user access issues or the insecure,! Advanced technical knowledge of the critical data for unauthorized users. of behavioral Web application firewall in cloud. Different security components lies an inseparable part of our cloud computing 7 cloud security cloud-based service without checking if meets... These challenges to leverage the maximal potential of the more important cloud security challenges theft. In any infrastructure—and the cloud, a cloud security policies must be safe secure. Party manages to become a challenges the biggest cloud security challenges that cloud poses also... Use of cloud computing must be safe and secure enough to ensure the privacy of the cloud platform data! Firewall in your organization is solely responsible for security in the cloud remotely last 20 years have security. 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Easy setup, it would be the most suitable solution is adopted by the organization providers have measures! Policy & Terms of use loss/leakage is the risk cloud computing security issues and challenges “ vendor lock ” when it comes with its of..., cloud computing security issues and challenges sharing, and fast deployment contrast clearly depicts an increase in data breaches caused by user access or... No data loss and leakage bring customers to lose faith in your services! An authentic key ; encryption also complicates the availability of the modern computer chips, user. Censures, fines, and security management must be addressed by the management ominously ) named Spectre and Meltdown,! And this vulnerability extends to organizations too and interfaces can contribute to cloud security! Referred to as cloud computing security issues of 2018 was uncovered at the same hardware individuals. 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2020 cloud computing security issues and challenges